The area, in which is located Katarzyna Estate, is known for its ancient history and traditions. Sources of more than 5000 years, proves that the Thracians, Romans and Bulgarians who lived in those lands, are engaged in Viticulture and Enology, from ancient times. In this most southern part of Bulgaria are some of the most interesting places of the cultural heritage of our country.
Medieval fortress Mezek
Only 10km. from the western outskirts of the village Mezzek, are the walls of one of the best preserved medieval castles in Bulgaria. The construction of the fortress was made in the end of the eleventh century, during the reign of the Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos (1081-1117 ). Its walls are made of stones cemented with plaster and decorated with three brick layers on the outside. The fortress wall is completed with bristling battlements that were reserved to year 1900. The castle is conceived as a solid fortification unit, where there was an intense life.
The fortress has the functions of border guard fortress and has protected territories between the rivers - Maritsa and Arda.
Thracian Tomb Mezek
About 10 km from the winery, near the village Mezzek rises one of the most magnificent tombs of Mycenaean dome type in Thrace. It dates back to IV century b.c. and is completely preserved in its authentic form. The tomb was discovered accidentally by local residents in 1931. It is covered with a huge mound with a height of 15 meters and a diameter of 90 meters. The total length of the facility is 30.33 m. In the tomb were found a large number of objects made of gold , bronze, iron, glass and ceramics. In the embankment of the mound was found a bronze sculpture of a boar in natural growth with weight of 177 kg. The find is now located in Istanbul - Turkey. The thracian tomb near the village Mezzek has an unusual architecture. Here were buried members of the Thracian aristocracy.
Bridge of Mustafa Pasha
The old Bridge Mustafapaşa is the only fully preserved element of the authentic comprehensive set of caravanserai, mosque, bazaar and hamam. It was built by order of Damad Mustafa Pasha, during the reign of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent (1520-1566). The bridge is one of the most remarkable architectural monuments in Southeast Europe. It was declared a national monument and is filed under the special protection of UNESCO.
47 km from Katarzyna Estate and 40 km northeast of the village of Matochina is situated the fortress Bukelon, dating back to the XII-XIV centuries. The castle is famous for the Battle of Adrianople (now Edirne) between the Romans and Goths in 378 year. Fortress Bukelon near the village of Matochina is one of the best preserved military buildings in Bulgaria.
Located 32 km from the cellar and about 25 km northeast of Svilengrad'
The church ia a monument of national importance. It is the only one in Bulgaria with a unique form, cut into the limestone massif. Corridor with fourteen steps cut into the rock takes worshiper deep down into the nave. The walls are carved crosses. With its unique architecture and impressive size , the rock churches of admiral is one of the most interesting Christian monuments in the Bulgarian lands.
The area Deaf Stones
Deaf Stones area is located 30 km. from Katarzyna Estate, under Mount St. Mary . Deaf Stones is a rock cult complex created by the Thracians several millenniums ago. Located a few kilometers from the village of Malko Gradishte in northeastern Rhodopes, it is supposed that they were used as funerary urns. The entire burial complex was surrounded by a large wall, the foundations can still be seen today. The megalithic complex Deaf Stones is one of the largest Thracian sanctuaries BC, whose strength continues to influence today to anyone who visits.
Near Ivaylovgrad about 67 km. from Katarzyna Estate winery is the unique ancient Roman "Villa Armira". An impressive complex of residential and commercial buildings covering a total area of 2200 sq.m. The living area, covering an area of 978 sq.m, covers a large courtyard surrounded by a covered gallery with a colonnade ( peristyle ) and pool ( impluvium ) in the middle.
The villa is a splendid mansion,the premises of which also decorated with mosaic floors, and are decorated with rich marble decorations and colored plaster. In this respect, it certainly seems to be the most lavish of all available to us such buildings in Roman Thrace and provinces of the Roman Empire.
Tomb Aleksandrovo is located 60 km. near the winery. Discovered in 2001 by the Bulgarian archaeologist George Kitov, in district Haskovo . It dates back to the 4th century BC and belonged to a Thracian king or noble aristocrat. Tomb impresses with its unique murals. In the burial chamber were found the remains of ritually destroyed bed, are depicted hunting scenes ( hunting wild boar and deer) and feast. There is an inscription in Greek letters , read by Prof. Gerasimova as Kodzimases HRESTOS . According to her words could be interpreted as Kodzimases master.
Perperikon is an archaeological complex, a large megalithic sanctuary. Located in the Eastern Rhodopes, 15 km northeast of the present-day town of Kardzhali and 80 km from Katarzyna Estate. Its area is about 12 square kilometers. The excavations began there in the year 2000 and continued, revealing large rock city, whose heyday was during the Roman era, even though his story begins several thousand years earlier. Numerous findings give reason to assume that just here, we find what is a century in the famous ancient temple of Dionysus.
Sanctuary of Orpheus at Tatul
115 km from Katarzyna is one of the most - significant Thracian sanctuaries in the Rhodope Mountains. It is named after the village of Tatul, next to which are well-preserved ruins dating back to the VI century BC. The last archaeological research team, led by Prof. N. Ovcharov indicate that it comes to Orpheus - the famous Thracian singer and hero , a legendary patron of the Rhodopes.
The complex is one of the most imposing megalithic monuments in the Bulgarian lands. It combines an ancient pagan temple and a medieval fortress. According to research this ancient cult center was a place for sacrifices to the sun God, which suggests the form of the highest part of mogalita - engraved semicircle resembling a rising sun.